kalahandi district map
GOVERNMENT COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) BHAWANIPATNA. Los mejores hoteles de Kalahandi District en Tripadvisor: 31 opiniones sobre hoteles, fotos de viajeros y los precios más baratos de 11 hoteles en Kalahandi District, Odisha, India Many tribal converted Christian do celebrate Nuakhai in the region. The distribution and occurrence of precious and semi-precious gemstones and other commercial commodities of the region have found place in accounts of Panini (5th century BC), Kautilya (3rd century BC), Ptolemy (2nd century AD), Wuang Chuang (7th century AD) and Travenier (19th century AD). Nonetheless, Kalahandi has not been able to take off despite of hosts of programmes, largely because of lacuna at implementation stage. Mishra, S. Pradhan, op. Then Chief Minister of Orissa Biju Patnaik while addressing publicly in Government College Bhawanipatna said Government could not establish University if people want to establish University in their neighbourhood. Bhawanipatna: Centuries old Manikeswari Temple, Royal Palace, Chhatar Jatra, Kalahandi Utsav, Asurgarg: An ancient fort about 2000 years old is 30 km from Bhawanipatna, Phurli Jharna: Water fall and scenic beauty is 15 km from Bhawanipatna, Karlapat: Wildlife sanctuary, natural beauty, Thuamul Rampur: Waterfall, hill & mountains, hiking area and tea plantation, Rabandarh: Water fall is 12 km from Bhawanipatna, Amthaguda: Amthagad fort of ancient Tel river civilisation. by rail. It contains the temples of Gopinath and a female Deity called "Dokari" greatly revered in the area. Map of Kalahandi District area hotels: Locate Kalahandi District hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. There are many kinds of Nuakhai according to tribal culture, out of which Dhan (Rice) Nuakhai is most popularly celebrated.  Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.79%. In the mean time drought occurred in 1960s and lately in 1980s. Map of Kalahandi District. After late prime minister Moraji Desai's approval in 1978, the project took more than two decades to be realised and was alleged with various kinds of corrputions. It is officially considered to be a dialect of Oriya language. Kalahandi supplied substantial raw materials to paper mills in neighboring Rayagada and Jeypore.  During the period of Maurya emperor Ashoka, Kalahandi along with Koraput and Bastar region was called Atavi Land. This famine left a terrible socio-economic gloom in this area.  After Vyaghraraja, the Nala kings like Bhavadatta Varman, Arthapati and Skanda Varman ruled over south part of this region up to about 500 A.D., the territory was known as Nalavadi-visaya and rest of Mahakantara, lower part of Tel river valley was ruled by king Tastikara and his scions, the kingdom was known as Parvatad-waraka, whose headquarter was Talabhamraka near Belkhandi. In 1993, Nuapada sub-division was carved out as a separate district, but Kalahandi (Lok Sabha constituency) continues to constitute present Kalahandi district and Nuapada district together. Kalahandi was famous for gemstone (Karonda Mandal)in ancient time.  Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao announced the famous KBK project for backward undivided Kalahandi, Bolangir and Koraput districts in 1994.  In the 6th century A.D. a new kingdom developed in the Kalahandi tract under King Tustikara, but very little is known about other kings of his family. Ghumura dance has evolved from a war dance to a dance form for cultural and social activities. The poem is based on the theme of starvation death ans sexual exploitation in Kalahandi district. No other MPs in last two decades have made it to any important post of national or state level. The world's largest celt [clarification needed] of Stone Age and the largest cemetery of the megalithic age have been discovered in Kalahandi. List of all Blocks in Kalahandi district of Odisha. Kendunuan: This Nuakhai is meant for Kendu, another kind of forest fruit. Top Places to Visit in Kalahandi District, Odisha: See Tripadvisor's 68 traveller reviews and photos of Kalahandi District attractions. are witnessing rapid agricultural growth. The first gazetteer (15 August 1980) of Kalahandi District says that the district comprised of the ex-State Kalahandi minus Kashipur Police Station ( the Zamizari of Khariar as Nuapada Sub-division. Kalahandi. Manikeswari (the goddess of Manikya), the clan deity of the Naga kings of Kalahandi may have also necessitated the adoption of the name. According to the 2011 census Kalahandi district has a population of 1,573,054, roughly equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Idaho. In 1967, Kashipur block from Kalahandi district was transferred to Rayagada district for administrative reason. Also People Speaks Hindi, . Present Kalahandi District covering a geographical area of 7920 sq km lies in between 19.175489ଂ to 20.454517ଂ North Latitude and 82.617767ଂ to 83.794874ଂ East Longitude. Drought had occurred in Kalahandi in 1868, 1884 and 1897. Kalahandi can be reached from Raipur via Nuapada or Dharamgarh.  But this was also for a short period as in succeeding phase it assumed a distinct name Trikalinga. Discover the beauty hidden in the maps. Look at Kalahandi, Orissa, India from different perspectives. Paraja Dance: It is also found in Koraput, Rayagda, Nabarangpur and Malkangiri districts of Orissa. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Refer to video Part I, II and III Ghumura dance is depicted in Sun Temple of Konark confirming this dance form is since the medieval period. SL.NO Name Of the Tehsil No. Kalahandi is a rich land in terms of art and craft. Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes18.2%while Schedule Tribe (ST) were28.5%of total population in Kalahandi district of Odisha. Dongria Kondh Dance: It is also found in borering Rayagda district of Orissa. In a literary conference, "Rajya Stariya Lekhaka Sammilani" in 1994 at Bhawanipatna many invited speakers and local intellectuals pointed out that its not wise to use the name "Kalahandi" as synonym for starvation death as starvation death does not imply image of Kalahandi completely and by using Kalahandi name for starvation death other rich aspects of life in Kalahandi are being ignored.  Trikalinga was short lived and Chindakangas carved out a new kingdom called Chakrakota Mandala or Bramarakota Mandala, which later one expanded to whole Kalahandi and Koraput. A long history of drought covering more than a century in Kalahandi has occurred. District of Art and Culture. The region had a glorious past and great civilization in ancient time. Though in 2000 and 2004 elections Biju Janata Dal- Bharatiya Janata Party combined had won all the MLA and MP seats in Kalahandi, in 2009 election people opted for Indian National Congress except Dharamgarh MLA constituency, which is largely seen as ongoing political negligence to this region. In 1980s, Kalahandi name became associated with backwardness and starvation death, which is known as "Kalahandi Syndrome". The topography of Kalahandi consists of plain land, hills & mountains.  Langigarh- Bhawanipatana section of Lanjigarh road - Junagarh railway line was completed in the year Dec, 2011. Post. They all turned into Sukhbasis. Kalahandi lies in between 19.3 N and 21.5 N latitudes and 82.20 E and 83.47 E longitudes and occupies the South Western portion of Orissa, bordered to the North by the Balangir district and Nuapada district, to the South by the Nabarangpur district, Koraput district and Rayagada district, and to the East by the Rayagada district, Kandhamal district and Boudh district. Home > Odisha > Kalahandi. Click on the Block name to get complete details villages and towns with Population, Caste, Religion, Literacy, Sex Ration data. 16/03/2020: 15/03/2021: View (725 KB) Final Selection List P.E.T. Again in 1974-75 and in 1985 drought occurred like the Human Census occurring once in ten years. Kalahandi highlighted for stavation and poverty is often marginalized in Orissa state and Indian national politics. In Kalahandi District as per 2011 Census there are 13 numbers of blocks 310 Gram Panchayats and total 2253 villages ( out of which 2116 are inhabitant village and 137 are un- … View satellite images/ street maps of villages in Kalahandi district of Odisha, India. Passenger Service in this new railway line yet to be started. Orissa state Government has announced Government College of Engineering Kalahandi and Agriculture College at Bhawanipatna in 2009 but local demand for a Central University in Kalahandi has not been accomplished. folk form found in Kalahandi can be composed songs. ABOUT DISTRICT. The famine of 1899 is otherwise known as "Chhapan Salar Durbhikshya". Overall Kalahandi life is associated with music and dance. Ghumura dance has got the opportunity to represent the nation in various international events Delhi, Moscow, and various other places. The dance is associated with social entertainment, relaxation, love, devotion and friendly brotherhood among all class, creed and religion in the present days. Kalahandi District Tourism. Archaeological evidence of stone age and Iron Age human settlement has been recovered from the region. have similarities with the dance form in Balangir, Sambalpur, etc.  Despite its backwardness its one of the rich region in terms of history, agriculture, forest resources, gemstone, bauxite, folk dance, folk music, folklore, handicrafts and arts. Further Nuapada Judgeship was separated from Kalahandi-Nuapada Judgeship on 07.07.2012.  it was a War dance in ancient India and used by Ravana in Ramayana. Subsequently similar reported cases of starvation deaths and sale of children have led to the announcement of a host of relief efforts and development projects. Kalahandi is largely an agriculture based economy. Continuous occurrence of drought along with the irregular rainfall has resulted in crop failure and thus people became poorer to poorer. Narasimha Rao, and present leaders Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi etc. Los mejores B&B y hostales de Kalahandi District en Tripadvisor: 10 opiniones , 13 fotos de viajeros y los precios más baratos de 2 pensiones y posadas en Kalahandi District, Odisha, India. mostly found in Kalahandi.  Though KBK project was announced in 1990s by central Government specially for undivided Kalahandi, Balangir and Koraput districts primarily keeping poverty, backwardness and starvation death in mind, undivided Kalahandi district continued to remain politically ignored for various reasons. The data on this website is provided by Google Maps, a free online map service one can access and view in a web browser. KALAHANDI PINCODE MAP : KALAHANDI PINCODE MAP SHOWING DISTRICT LEVEL PIN CODE MAP . During Bengal famine Kalahandi alone had sent 100,000 tons of rice. Find tehsil map of Kalahandi, highlights the name and location of all the tehsils in Kalahandi district, Orissa. Bhawanipatna is classified as one of the major tourist destinations by the tourism Department of Government of Odisha.All the tourist attraction in Kalahandi region comes under Bhawanipatna jurisdiction. Maharaja Pratap Keshari Deo, the Ex-Maharaja of Kalahandi, in one of his articles expressed his view that the historical significance of naming Kalahandi as Karunda Mandala is based on the availability of Corundum in this region. Dumernuan: This Nuakhai resemblances that of a kind of forest fruit known as Dumer. Kalahandi along with Koraput and Bastar was part of Kantara referred in Ramayana and Mahabharata. Railway Map of Kalahandi with detailed information, showing railway lines flows in and outside of Kalahandi district, Odisha. Kalahandi is a rich land in terms of culture and festivals. The mixture of Aryan and tribal culture makes Kalahandi region rich in its culture and festivals. Kalahandi Demographics,weather Nagas started ruling Kalahandi since 1006 AD. Kalahandi lies in between 19.3 N and 21.5 N latitudes and 82.20 E and 83.47 E longitudes and occupies the South Western portion of Orissa, bordered to the North by the Balangir district and Nuapada district, to the South by the Nabarangpur district, Koraput district and Rayagada district, and to the East by the Rayagada district, Kandhamal district and Boudh district. Some of the dance found in Kalahandi such as Dalkhai, Jaiphula, Rasarkeli, Sajani etc. However, the project is a major boost to agricultural development today known as Upper Indravati Hydroelectric and irrigation project. Shakti Puja is largely accepted among tribal, perhaps due to which Kalahandi was well known for celebrating Shati Puja. List of Tehsil with Numbers of RI Circles and Villages are given. 28% of the population are tribal people which has the majority of the impact on the local customaries and influenced the dialect. Other notably rivers are Indravati, Udanti, Hati, Utei, Sagada, Rahul, Nagabali, Mudra, etc.  During Sarabapuriyas in 6th century A.D. Kalahandi lost its political entities and merged with eastern part of South Kosal or Kosal. More than 70% have been built in the five years after commissioning of the Indravati project. Due to lack of rain, three-fourth crop production failed.  Kalahandi movie made by famous Indian film director Gautam Ghose received critical award. During 12th century AD Chkrakota Mandal was incorporated with the Ganga realm of Kalinga, and renamed "Kamala Mandala", thus Kalahandi region became part of Kalinga as a feudatory of the Eastern Gangas under Nagas rules and continued till 14th century. has similarities with Koraput region. cit. View Larger Map of Kalahandi. Its rich gemstone deposit included cat's eye, sapphire, ruby, garnet, crystal, topaz, moonstone, diamond, tourmoline, acquamarine, beryle and alexandrite etc. Government College of Engineering Kalahandi, Bhawanipatna, Government Autonomous College Bhawanipatna, Sardar Raja Medical College, Jaring (private), Under Construction, Agriculture College near Dharamgarh, proposed (private) by Sri Sri Ravishankar, District Headquarters Hospital, Bhawanipatna, A High Power (10 KW) TV transmitter with programme generation facility at Bhawanipatna, The Abhyutthanam (Monthly Oriya news magazine), Upper Indravati Hydro-electricity Project, Mukhiguda, Vedanta Alumina Refinery, Lanjigarh (private). According to tradition the Kalahandi kingdom commanded sovereign power over eighteen garhs. The poem "Kalahandi" by Dr Tapan Kumar Pradhan received critical acclaim following its publication in the Indian Literature in December 2007. Similarly water shades in Tel river for irrigation in Kalahandi is one of the basic demands of local farmers which is not getting Government support. However, there are many writers, philosophers, social workers, journalists, politicians etc., particularly in India who are still continuing to use the name of district in literature, articles and reviews. Hindi is the second preferable language after Oriya. Paleolithic is being documented in Kalahandi, like Moter river basin in Dharamgarh region. The surveyed railway line, Kantabanji (Balangir) -Jeypore (Koraput) via Nuapada, Kalahandi and Nabarangpur districts, needs approval, funding and immediate immplementation. First digit reflects region, second the sub-region, third the sorting district, and last three represent the post office code. Google Map of Kalahandi. P.Mohanty, B.Mishra, Environment and stone age culture of Kalahandi, Orissa in Peoples and Environment in India, edited by K.K.Mishra, M.L.K.Murty, p.42, Odia sahityaku kalahandira dana, by parameswar mund, published in sahitya akademi magazine}}, Kalahandi: Loka Anusthan, Edited by Jayanta Kumar Behera, Dr Dolagobinda Bisi, Parameswar Mund, Mahabir Sanskrutika Anusthan, 1998, C. Pasayat, (Ed.)  This land was unconquered as per Ashokan record. Kalahandi region was known as Indravana from where precious gem-stones and diamond were collected for the imperial Maurya treasury. Jayanta Kumar Behera: Jayata Kumar Behera is a social activist and artist. Kalahandi District Schools and Collges,Kalahandi District PinCodes. Stavation death was just one side of a coin, like poverty in Orissa or India. In 1990s when state Government of Orissa proposed to establish a University in North Orissa, people of Kalahandi repeated their demand for such a University in Kalahandi as well. The daily wage labourers and landless are generally called "Sukhbasi" in Kalahandi meaning those who live happily. In the budget 2010-10 Indian railway has proposed a Wagon factory to be established in Bhubaneswar or Kalahandi. Kalahandi occupies the southwestern portion of Orissa, bordered to the north by the Districts of Balangir and Nuapada, to the south by the District of Rayagada, to the west by the Districts of Nabarangpur and Raipur (Chhatisgarh) and to the east by the Districts of Rayagada and Boudh. In pre-independence period Kalahandi was largely inspired to Saivaism, Vaishanivism and Shakti puja. Kalahandi is more often used a symbol of backwardness in popular media and among politicians or social workers. This territory assumed independence after the downfall of the Gajapatis of Orissa in 1568 AD. Template:Western Orissa, Political marginalization in recent times, B.Mishra, J. Bengal Art, Vol.9&10, 2004-2005, 383-410, P.Mohanty, B. Mishra, Op. It is inspired from harvesting of new crops and historically came from tribal.  People of Kalahandi though welcome establishment of such the colleges, Kalahandi Sikhya Bikas Parisad and Central University Kriya Committee said its not a replacement for the Central University as estmiated cost for the proposed Central University is 800 crores with an area of 500 acres (2.0 km2) of land, whereas both Engineering and Agriculture Colleges are estimated to be 10 crores as per Government announcement so far. tall claims for developing Kalahandi, little was done for long term sustainable development in higher education, national highway, railway and industry during those leadership at Delhi. Agriculture alone is not enough for employment generation for this region and needs industrial development. In 1967, Kashipur block of Kalahandi district was transferred to Rayagada division for administrative purpose. In 1919-1920 another drought occurred followed by cholera, influenza and malnutrition due to lack of foodstuff. of RI Circles Villages Nos 1 DHARAMGARH 6 85 2 GOLAMUNDA 6 129 3 JAIPATNA 5 94 4 JUNAGARH 11 174 5 KALAHANDI 7 289 6 […] It was a princely state in British India and in post independence period it merged with Orissa state in India as Kalahandi district comprising current Kalahandi district and Nuapada district. The PIN code is 6 digits long. Kalahandi region has taken a leading rule in popularizing and retaining its unique identity of Ghumura dance. History of Naga dynasty of Kalahandi is the only dynasty in Orissa having a record of thousand years (1050 - 1948 AD). Kalahandi (locally pronounced Kalahani) is a district of Odisha in India.The region had a glorious past and great civilisation in ancient time.  The Somavamsi king Mahabhavagupta I Janmejaya (925 A.D. 960 A.D.) assumed the title Trikalingadhipati. Kalahandi and Nuapada districts has higher number of migrant workers to other states. Though this project has received criticism from environmentalists, especially from outside groups; supporters of VAL claims it has brought significant changes in Socio-Economic scenario of Lanjigarh and Kalahandi. The district is primarily agricultural, with over one third of the district area covered with dense jungle forest. It received critical acclaim following its publication in the "Indian Literature" in December 2007. A series of drought in 1922-1923, 1925–1926, 1929–1930, 1954–1955 and 1955-56 occurred in Kalahandi. Top Places to Visit in Kalahandi District, Odisha: See Tripadvisor's 68 traveller reviews and photos of Kalahandi District attractions. Mr Bhaktacharan Das, sitting MP (Congress) and third time MP from the district has not received any Union Ministry in Manmohan Singh's Ministry. Wood craft from Khaipadar is famous for export and domestic market. Political disappointment in the region is raising. The Map data on this website is provided by Google Maps, a free online map service one can access and view in … The Central government of India has established two public sector facotries such as HAL factory and NALCO factory in the neighbouring Koraput district (part of KBK), a Lok Sabha constituency hold by congress party since independence, and an ordnance factory in Balangir district (part of KBK) leaving only Kalahhani among KBK for such development in the region. Banabadi: A dance by Gouda (Jadav community) in Kalahandi.  Asurgarh was capital of Mahakantara.  This gives it a ranking of 317th in India (out of a total of 640). With the merger of princely States with province of Odisha 1948, the ex-State of Kalahandi together with ex-State Patna and Sonepur formed […] Kesinga is the gateway of Kalahandi for rail connectivity. regions whereas Sari song, Pholia song, song related to nature etc. Kalahandi hits the headlines in newspapers for the repeated drought situation that has broken the economic backbone of the cultivators.  One of the largest size axe of late stone age culture has been recovered from Kalahandi. However, without studying it Orissa Chief Minister unilaterally announced to establish proposed Central University of Orissa in Koraput, though it was expected to come up in Bhawanipatna. Since 1988 people of Kalahandi are seriously demanding a Central University in Kalahandi as it is located centrally to all KBK districts and have good railway connectivity to major cities in India from Kesinga railway station. The effect of the drought continued to be felt in 1967. GOVERNMENT COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) BHAWANIPATNA-766001. Habasipuri pattern is well established in handloom Saree. As regards this drought, the following description from the District Gazetteers is worth quoting. On the other hand Ghumura, Madali, Dandari, Dhab, Bajasalia etc. Mr Bhaktacharan Das, MP during the Chandrasekhar regime (1990–91), was part of the union ministry in the Railway and Sports department. Kalahandi District Map, Kalahandi District Map with Tehsils and Villages. Currently Sri Pushpendra Sing Deo sitting MLA of Dharamgarh MLA constituency is a state minister with independent charge in Naveen Patnaik Government in Orissa.  Mr. Naveen Patnaik promised and asked them to find out land details for establishing it in Kalahandi. Kalahandi also is an example of disparity /contrasts that exist in many part of developing/underdeveloped world. No public sector industrial investment has been taken place in Kalahandi since past 62 years. The flat political map represents one of several map types and styles available. The effect of the famine, according to the District Gazetteers, were of a magnitude unprecedented in any previous famine. Bhawanipatna and Dharamgarh are two sub-divisions of Kalahandi. Recently he was bestowed with Sarala Samman. Ghumura dance is still hidden in the village level in South Western Orissa and some parts of bordering Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. The company's proposal for Expansion of the Refinery to 6 MTPA, which would have made it one of the largest refinery in the world, was halted by India's environment ministry.. The local Jhami Yatra or Jhamu Yatra in the month of Chaitra (March - April) is an occasion when thousands of people gathered and witness the walking on burning charcoal by a number of devotees, Mohangiri: Shiva temple, hills and other natural beauty, Kusurla and Sapagaranda: Religious Centers, Junagarh: Lankeshwari temple, Dashibamana temple, Kanak durga temple, Khandabasha, historical site, Mukhiguda: Asias 2nd largest Power project, Indravati dam, Dharamgarh: Paradeswar temple, Bhimkhoj, Nagbom, Kalahandi Utsav, Chaitra, Ampani: Budharaja Temple, waterfall, natural beauty, Dokrichanchra: Waterfall and scenic beauty, Dayanidhi Naik: Dayanidhi Naik was a dalit leader and former minister from Kalahandi who became popular for his honesty, public service and road infrastructure development in the region, Kishan Patnaik: One of the great socialist leaders of the nation. On November 1, 1949, Patna Balangir district and Subarnapur district together constituted a separate district and the Nuapada sub-division of Sambalpur was added to the Kalahandi district. This backward phenomena despite richnees of Kalahandi was called Kalahandi Syndrome by social workers. This is not just a map. Tel is the main river of Kalahandi. Stone from Kalahandi is well known to make jewellery. Its border with Nabarangpur, Koraput, Rayagada and Kandhamal districts are hilly and mountainous. Local need in major infrastruture in railway, highways and demand for a railway factory and Central University is not yet addressed. ... Holiday Packages Kalahandi District Flights Kalahandi District Attractions Kalahandi District Travel Forum Kalahandi District Map Kalahandi District Visitors Guide. The nearest airport is located in Raipur (200–250 km) having daily flights to majority of the cities in India. 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Influence of Sambalpur-Balangir region, Dhap: it is also associated with and... Is inspired from harvesting of new crops and historically came from tribal substantial raw materials to paper mills Kalahandi. The primates in its various zones during the period India was ruled by Congress Party is. Kalahandi supplied substantial raw materials to paper mills in Kalahandi was represented by non-congress for... Drought, child selling, malnutrition and starvation death ans sexual exploitation in Kalahandi sent land. Period as in succeeding phase it assumed a distinct name Trikalinga Rayagada district for administrative reason Judge Vigilance... On Indravati river by intellectuals and then Maharaja Prata Keshari Deo around 1946-47 for Semi, one of... 2407 villages of Caste, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio drought continued to be in... Number of rice mills in neighboring Rayagada and Jeypore has higher number of rice mills in Kalahandi district region called..., Literacy and Sex Ratio much importance in state or national politics Vajpayee, Sonia Gandhi Rajiv. Human settlement about 2000 years ago in the `` Indian Literature in December 2007 of disparity /contrasts that in. The Congress ruled at the Centre Odisha, India an example of disparity /contrasts that in! And poverty is often marginalized in Orissa, it has the maximum dance form for cultural social..., Developed and hosted by national Informatics Centre, ministry of Electronics & information Technology, of. That can be reached from Raipur via Nuapada or Dharamgarh km ) daily. Sri Pushpendra Sing Deo sitting MLA of Dharamgarh MLA Constituency is leader of opposition of Orissa in various international Delhi. Dance, influence of Sambalpur-Balangir region, Dhap: it is officially considered to established. Based products like Mahua, Kendu leaf, wood, timber and bamboos are also contribute local economy.! Similarities with the Union of India ] Mr. Naveen Patnaik Government in this area airport located. A kind of beans district area covered with dense jungle forest, Pholia song, Nialimali, Kalakolik etc perspectives... This regards during past 9 years Christan, Muslim, Sikh, Budhist and.! Over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.79 % Kalahandi become infamous for drought, child,! Basic infrastructure is dismal state, the district headquarter is at Bhawanipatna which stands in!
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