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june 2011 christchurch earthquake

Royal Society of New Zealand. [114] The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. Though the government supplied money for those who were fired, businesses that needed re … Christchurch earthquake may refer to a number of earthquakes that affected Christchurch, New Zealand. Many of the people trapped in that building were Japanese and other foreign English language students. [46] Soil liquefaction and surface flooding also occurred. June 2011 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of 22 February 2011 2 CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 3 4 6 12 25 32 53 62 96 108 110 1. Welfare Centres and support networks were established throughout the city. For other uses, see, For the aftershock that occurred on 13 June 2011, see, "I know that [Australians'] thoughts are with the people of New Zealand as they grapple with this enormous tragedy in Christchurch. [253], A KPMG survey in March 2013 suggested as much as $1.5 billion could be sucked from the rebuild in fraud. [177] Kamalesh Sharma, Commonwealth Secretary-General, sent a message of support to the Prime Minister and stated "our heart and condolences go immediately to the bereaved." The crew of the Navy ship Canterbury, in Lyttelton harbour at the time of the earthquake, provided meals for 1,000 people left homeless in that town,[151] and accommodation for a small number of locals. [136] It was equipped to provide triage, emergency care, maternity, dental care, isolation tents for gastroenteritis, and to provide primary care since most general practices in the area were unable to open. 2011) and the preliminary result for the M w 6.0 June aftershock (Beavan, pers. Police media releases relating to the Christchurch earthquake of Tuesday February 22, 2011. June 2011 Christchurch earthquake 2016 Christchurch earthquake Further reading "The Canterbury Earthquakes: Scientific answers to critical questions" (PDF). It was followed by a large aftershock on 13 June (which caused considerable additional damage) and a series of large shocks on 23 December 2011. Christchurch Quake Map. Statistics New Zealand's main urban area definition for Christchurch includes Kaiapoi, which belongs to Waimakariri District, and Prebbleton, which belongs to Selwyn District. [238], In October 2008, the population of the Christchurch main urban area, as defined by Statistics New Zealand, had for the first time exceeded the Wellington equivalent (at 386,100 versus 386,000), which made Christchurch the second largest city in New Zealand (after Auckland). Measuring 6.3 on the Richter Scale and, at 4.99 km deep, the earthquake was very shallow. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 12:51 pm on 22 February 2011 NZT. Time-lapse visualisations of the February 22 2011 and September 4 2010 earthquakes and their aftershocks can also be viewed. [206], Canterbury University partially reopened on 14 March 2011, with many lectures held in tents and marquees while work was carried out on university buildings. Christchurch Hospital was partly evacuated due to damage in some areas,[70] but remained open throughout to treat the injured. 2011 Christchurch earthquake-Wikipedia Another aftershock struck in June causing liquefaction and flooding along with damaging houses and the infrastructure of the suburb even more. [262] The damage on a community can lead members to engage in pro-social behaviors[262] which are driven by empathy and desire to support others who have endured a similar traumatizing experience. not including outlying urban areas from other districts, Christchurch continues to have a significantly larger population over Wellington.[239][240]. Started filming a minute or so after the big one struck. Due to the extensive damage of a number of secondary schools, many were forced to share with others, allowing one school to use the ground in the morning and the other in the afternoon. Home » New Zealand Natural Disasters » Christchurch Earthquakes » Christchurch Earthquake 13th June 2011. On 22 February 2011 a (Richter) magnitude 6.3 earthquake occurred in Christchurch, in the South Island of New Zealand, and resulted in the deaths of 182 people and caused widespread damage to buildings and infrastructure. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was responsible for causing additional damage to an already earthquake-devastated region. The 6.3 earthquake caused many more millions of dollars of damage to buildings, the Lyttelton Port, items, stock, land and roads. The cost of the rebuild is set to be $16 million. Rescue efforts continued for over a week, then shifted into recovery mode. [196] New Zealand's governor-general, Sir Anand Satyanand, attended, along with John Key, Bob Parker, and a number of local and international dignitaries. The Governor-General also had to revoke his previous proclamation of the date of the census. [7] Fire-fighting and recovery operations resumed that night,[58] later joined by a Japanese search and rescue squad. 2011 Christchurch earthquake is similar to these topics: June 2011 Christchurch earthquake, 2016 Christchurch earthquake, 1991 Limon earthquake and more. [72][73] The building was eventually stabilised and, on 4 March it was decided the building would be demolished over the following six months,[74] so that further work could be done with the buildings nearby. [228] In the ANZ Netball Championship, the earthquake caused significant damage to the Canterbury Tactix's main home venue, CBS Canterbury Arena, and the franchise's head office at Queen Elizabeth II Park. [71] The 26-storey building was displaced by half a metre in the quake and had dropped by 1 metre on one side; parts of the emergency stairwells collapsed. Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. Christchurch's central city and eastern suburbs were badly affected, with damage to buildings and infrastructure already weakened by the magnitude 7.1 Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010 and its aftershocks. [145], The New Zealand Defence Force—staging their largest-ever operation on New Zealand soil[146]— provided logistics, equipment, transport, airbridges, evacuations, supply and equipment shipments, survey of the Port and harbour, and support to the agencies, including meals; they assisted the Police with security, and provided humanitarian aid particularly to Lyttelton, which was isolated from the city in the first days. Initial reports by GNS Science suggested that ground motion "considerably exceeded even 2500-year design motions",[32] beyond maximum considered events (MCE). The quarter final matches were moved to Auckland. [152] The Royal Australian Air Force also assisted with air lifts. The reaction to the statement sent the New Zealand dollar down. The earthquake struck the city of Christchurch in New Zealand on 22 February 2011. [209], 163 primary and secondary schools were affected by the earthquake, most of which were closed for three weeks; 90 had full structural clearance and were able to reopen, 24 had reports indicating further assessment and 11 were seriously damaged. [105], At the Tasman Glacier some 200 kilometres (120 miles) from the epicentre, around 30 million tonnes (33 million ST) of ice tumbled off the glacier into Tasman Lake, hitting tour boats with tsunami waves 3.5 metres (11 ft) high. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. As per the protocols of New Zealand's Coordinated Incident Management System, the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act, and the National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan and Guide, Civil Defence Emergency Management became lead agency—with the Director of the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management John Hamilton as National Controller. [87] Concrete block construction fared badly, leaving many modern iconic buildings damaged. [2] The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch,[10] New Zealand's second-most populous city. Statistics New Zealand expects Christchurch's population growth rate to return to pre-earthquake levels. Dorahy, M.J., Rowlands, A., Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Carter, J.D. [160] Power had been restored to 82% of households within five days,[161] and to 95% within two weeks. [243][244][245], Claims from the 2010 shock were estimated at NZ$2.75–3.5 billion. [178], China gave US$500,000 to the earthquake appeal, and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao expressed his deep condolences to New Zealand. For personal effects, EQC pays out the first NZ$20,000 plus tax. "Christchurch earthquake" redirects here. With extra passenger and freight movements over Cook Strait following the earthquake, the company would have been unable to cope with just two ships operating on a reduced schedule so soon after the earthquake, so pushed back the departure to the end of April. In March 2011 the government established The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission to report on the causes of building failure as a result of the earthquakes as well as the adequacy of building codes and other standards for buildings in New Zealand Central Business Districts. Trajectories of posttraumatic growth and depreciation after two major earthquakes. Water and wastewater services were disrupted throughout the city, with authorities urging residents to conserve water and collect rainwater. Finance Minister Bill English advised that the effects of the 2011 quake were likely to be more costly than the September 2010 quake. Japan sent 70 search-and-rescue personnel including specialists from the coastguard, police and fire fighting service, as well as three sniffer dogs. Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes. [193], A national memorial service was held on 18 March at North Hagley Park, coinciding with a one-off provincial holiday for Canterbury, which required the passing of the Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011 to legislate. [233] My apartment is 6 floors up. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was responsible for causing additional damage to an already earthquake-devastated region. 115 people died in the building, which housed a TV station, a medical clinic and an English language school. By Phuong Anh (Anya) Ngo Citations June 2011 Christchurch Earthquake By Phuong Anh (Anya) Ngo Websites: USGS, and GeoNet. [223] Some matches needed to be rescheduled. Posttraumatic stress symptoms in Police Staff 12–18 months after the Canterbury earthquakes. The primarily wilderness all-volunteer search and rescue organisation, LandSAR, deployed 530 people to the city to perform welfare checks. Canada is standing by to offer any possible assistance to New Zealand in responding to this natural disaster. [20] By comparison, the 2010 quake—in which damage was predominantly to pre-1970s buildings—exerted 65% of the design loading on buildings. Staff were grateful that they did not have to employ triage, but were able to deal with all patients. The February earthquake occurred during lunchtime on a weekday when the CBD was busy, and many buildings were already weakened from the previous quakes. [260] People who exhibit lower mental health prior to the trauma don't adapt as well following trauma, and show higher levels of PTSD. The surrounding districts, Selwyn and Waimakariri, have two of the three highest growth rates in New Zealand, at 2.2% and 1.6%, respectively. [261][262] Retrospective self-report is affected greatly by the individual's current state of distress. [12][21], The peak ground acceleration (PGA) in central Christchurch exceeded 1.8g (i.e. On Tuesday 22 February 2011 at 12.51 p.m. Christchurch was badly damaged by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake, which killed 185 people and injured several thousand. [97] Three deaths were reported in the Sumner area, according to the Sumner Chief Fire Officer. This was the second major earthquake to hit the city; the previous quake occurred on 4 September 2010 and registered at a 7.1 magnitude. These insurers underwrite their commercial losses to reinsurers, who will again bear the brunt of these claims. (2015). (2015). 1.8 times the acceleration of gravity),[22] with the highest recording 2.2g, at Heathcote Valley Primary School,[3] a shaking intensity equivalent to MM X+. [136] A team of 55 Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team members from the Singapore Civil Defence Force were sent. [121] A full response management structure was put in place within minutes of the quake, with the Christchurch City Council's alternate Emergency Operations Centre re-established in the City Art Gallery and the regional Canterbury CDEM Group Emergency Coordination Centre (ECC) activated in its post-earthquake operational facility adjacent to the Canterbury Regional Council offices. 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. [246], EQC cover for domestic premises entitles the holder to up to NZ$100,000 plus tax (GST) for each dwelling, with any further amount above that being paid by the policyholder's insurance company. It excluded the investigation of any questions of liability, the earthquake search and rescue effort, and the rebuilding of the city. Significant liquefaction affected the eastern suburbs, producing around 400,000 tonnes of silt. EQC chief executive Ian Simpson said that the $4 billion cap for each earthquake is unlikely to be exceeded by the costs of residential building and land repairs, so $3 billion would be left in the EQC's Natural Disaster Fund after payouts. [200] The Royal Commission made a total of 189 recommendations and found that the Canterbury Television building should not have been granted a building permit by the Christchurch City Council. You can make a donation by going to the Christchurch City Mission website. [120] The New Zealand Red Cross launched an appeal to raise funds to help victims. 06 Feb. 2013. [33] Geologists reported liquefaction was worse than the 2010 earthquake.[16]. Last edited on 27 November 2020, at 08:05, Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010, List of tallest buildings in Christchurch, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011, The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Technical", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Story", "Ice breaks off glacier after Christchurch quake", "List of deceased – Christchurch earthquake", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Details", "M 6.1 – South Island of New Zealand: Regional information", "Factors combined to intensify Chch quake", "New Zealand hit by strong quake, 65 dead", "Deadly quake could be sign of more to come", "Christchurch earthquake: Rockfall threat still strong, say experts", "Christchurch quake press conference Monday morning", "Christchurch Earthquake – an overview", "The Christchurch Feb 22nd Earthquake: A Personal Report", "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings", "Second Christchurch fault much better behaved", "Christchurch earthquake: Wrecker's tip for leaning tower", "Christchurch earthquake: Radar points to rupturing of single fault", "Port Hills half a metre taller after Christchurch earthquake", "22 February 2011 – Christchurch badly damaged by magnitude 6.3 earthquake", "Christchurch earthquake: Deadly tremors rebounded on city", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Apr 16 2011 at 5:49 pm (NZST)", "Damage assessed after 'violent' 5.3 aftershock hits Christchurch", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Jun 13 2011 at 1:01 pm (NZST)", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Technical", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Details", "Workmen unscathed as Timeball Station collapses", "Canterbury Earthquake: Fire Service struggling to cope with rescue effort", "Canterbury Earthquake: Main roads to Christchurch open", "Christchurch quake: 'Dead bodies lying around, "New Zealand earthquake: 65 dead in Christchurch", "Christchurch quake: 'Buildings just piled on top of people, "How will we rebuild our shattered city? The Department of Building and Housing also released a plan for the construction of 500 modular homes. The EQC pays out the first NZ$1.5 billion in claims, and the reinsurance companies are liable for all amounts between NZ$1.5 billion and NZ$4 billion. [125], Gerry Brownlee, a Cabinet Minister, had his regular portfolios distributed amongst other cabinet ministers so that he could focus solely on earthquake recovery.[126]. [242] The earthquake was the most damaging in a year-long earthquake swarm affecting the Christchurch area. The government declared a state of national emergency, which stayed in force until 30 April 2011. They also provided forensic analysis and evidence gathering at fatalities and Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) teams, working closely with pathologists, forensic dentists and scientists, and the coroner at the emergency mortuary established at Burnham Military Camp. [251], On 2 March 2011, John Key said he expected an interest rate cut to deal with the earthquake. [256][260][262] Those that exhibit lower mental health prior to an earthquake will be more likely to experience negative life changes than positive life changes with regard to personal strength. At 1pm on 13th June 2011, another large earthquake registering 5.5 on the Richter Scale hit Christchurch City and the surrounding Canterbury region of New Zealand. The commission was chaired by High Court judge Justice Mark Cooper with support from two other Commissioners, engineers Sir Ron Carter and Professor Richard Fenwick. A decision was made to remove the dome because the supporting structure was weakened. They took into account a technical investigation undertaken by the Department of Building and Housing. One elderly man has died as a result of this earthquake. [174] The earthquake was felt across the South Island and parts of the lower and central North Island. Kuijer, R.G., Marshall, E.M., & Bishop, A.N. The largest was a 5.9-magnitude tremor which occurred just under two hours after the main earthquake. [19] 80% of the water and sewerage system was severely damaged. [132] Alongside regular duties, the police provided security cordons, organised evacuations, supported search and rescue teams, missing persons and family liaison, and organised media briefings and tours of the affected areas. The increased liquefaction caused significant ground movement, undermining many foundations and destroying infrastructure, damage which "may be the greatest ever recorded anywhere in a modern city". Within two hours of the quake national co-ordination was operating from the National Crisis Management Centre located in the basement of the Beehive in Wellington.[119]. [91] Two people died on local walking tracks after being hit by rockfalls. His advice was that the 2011 earthquake was a "new event" and that EQC's reinsurance cover was already in place after the previous 2010 event. [207] All courses expected to resume by 28 March, with plans for the April break to be shortened by two weeks to make up for lost time. While the initial quake only lasted for approximately 10 seconds, the damage was severe because of the location and shallowness of the earthquake's focus in relation to Christchurch as well as previous quake damage. [16], The current New Zealand building code requires a building with a 50-year design life to withstand predicted loads of a 500-year event. They started work immediately in a multi-agency response to the collapse of the CTV Building on Madras Street. [184], The Queen said she was "utterly shocked" and her "thoughts were with all those affected". [95][96] Parts of Sumner were evacuated during the night of 22 February after cracks were noticed on a nearby hillside. [235], The chief executive of Statistics New Zealand, Geoff Bascand, announced on 25 February that the national census planned for 8 March 2011 would not take place due to the disruption and displacement of people in the Canterbury region, and also the damage sustained by Statistics New Zealand's buildings in Christchurch, which was scheduled to process much of the census. [197] Australia's official delegation included Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott.[198]. [140] The team left New Zealand earlier than planned due to the 9.0 earthquake which struck Japan on 11 March 2011. The earthquake occurred on New Zealand’s South Island, 10km west of Christchurch, at 12.51pm on 22nd February 2011 and lasted just 10 seconds. He said Australia would send counsellors over and a disaster medical assistance team comprising 23 emergency and surgical personnel. Below is a list of all aftershocks of Richter, moment, and body-wave magnitudes 5.0 and above that occurred in the region between 22 February 2011 and 15 January 2012. More than 361 aftershocks occurred in the first week following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake. This time it was often colleagues, classmates or complete strangers who comforted and hel… [136] On 1 March, it was announced that the New South Wales Government would be donating A$1 million (NZ$1.3 million[175]) to the victims of the Christchurch earthquake. On Wednesday morning, 22 hours after the quake, a survivor was pulled from the rubble. One elderly man has died as a result of this earthquake. [237], In the year to June 2011, the population of Christchurch had fallen by 8,900 people or 2.4% of its population, with a historic annual population growth of 1%. [57] On 23 February police decided that the damage was not survivable, and rescue efforts at the building were suspended. [98] The Shag Rock, a notable landmark, was reduced to half of its former height. It has treated over 220 serious injuries so far, even though sometimes they were working by torchlight. [63], The Forsyth Barr Building survived the earthquake but many occupants were trapped after the collapse of the stairwells, forcing some to abseil out after the quake. [209] It is a project of the Digital Humanities department, with the aim of preserving the knowledge, memories and earthquake experiences of people of the Canterbury region. A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011[2] at 12:51 p.m. local time[9] (23:51 UTC, 21 February). Web. New Zealand, and indeed the entire world, has rallied together to help sort our crisis. The proposals were heavily criticised for relying on incorrect information,[218] leading one school, Phillipstown Primary, to seek a judicial review over its proposed merger with Woolston Primary. [92] The town's historic Timeball Station was extensively damaged, adding to damage from the preceding earthquake in September 2010. If you cannot physically help, then you can help by donating now to the Christchurch City Mission, or one of the many other charities set up to help Christchurch. [210][211] Some students relocated to other centres – by 5 March, a total of 4879 Christchurch students had enrolled in other schools across New Zealand. [23] This is the highest PGA ever recorded in New Zealand; the highest reading during the September 2010 event was 1.26g, recorded near Darfield. Once the composite Christchurch Coordination Centre was established on 23 February the CDEM Group Controllers and ECC personnel relocated to the City Art Gallery to supplement the management personnel available to the National Controller. [7], Immediately following the earthquake, 80% of Christchurch was without power. It was the largest aftershock of the 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake,[10] although it is being regarded as a separate earthquake. [31][failed verification] The vertical acceleration was far greater than the horizontal acceleration. The last survivor was pulled from the rubble the day after the quake. [75] Demolition was completed in May 2012. [69] Since 15 August 2013 the cathedral congregation has worshipped at the Cardboard Cathedral. [241] Some economists have estimated it will take the New Zealand economy 50 to 100 years to completely recover. The remainder of the tower was demolished in March 2012. (2015). It was deemed unstable and demolished in April 2011. [262] Depressive symptoms before a disaster can predict higher chances of developing PTSD following a trauma. New Zealand, © Copyright 2011 - 2020 Love New Zealand. Three RNZAF Bell UH-1H Iroquois helicopters were also used to transport Police, VIP's and aid to locations around Christchurch. [142] Taiwan sent a 22-member team from the National Fire Agency, along with two tons of specialist search and rescue equipment. After 7 years, the school is set to be moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020. [178], Sixty-six Japanese USAR members and three specialist search and rescue dogs arrived in Christchurch within two days of the February earthquake. [260][262] Personality traits, such as neuroticism and low self-control are associated with a lower sense of normalcy following an earthquake,[260] however optimism is predictive of lower and less severe PTSD symptoms.[260]. The census was ultimately deferred to 5 March 2013. 185 people died as a result of the magnitude 6.3 earthquake that struck the Canterbury region on 22 February, 2011. Map showing recent earthquake activity in and around Christchurch, New Zealand. Ltd, a survivor was pulled from the national Fire Agency, along with two tons of specialist and... 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